Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

CBT is a type of psychotherapy that is common for Anxiety, Depression, and OCD. CBT can help you gain insight into inaccurate thinking patterns so you can learn to let go of thinking that keeps you stuck in cycles of despair or worry.

CBT teaches a variety of helpful tools and skills, including relaxation techniques, systemic ways for identifying and challenging thoughts, and methods for changing behaviors and activities in a way that leads to more fulfillment.

Why it’s done
Cognitive behavioral therapy is used to treat a wide range of issues and condition. It’s a common type of psychotherapy because it is relatively simple and works fairly quickly. It often requires fewer sessions than other types of therapy and is usually done in a structured way.

CBT can be a useful tool to address emotional challenges. For example, it may help you:

  • Manage symptoms of mental illness
  • Prevent a relapse of mental illness symptoms
  • Treat a mental illness when medications aren’t a good option
  • Learn techniques for coping with stressful life situations
  • Identify ways to manage emotions
  • Resolve relationship conflicts and learn better ways to communicate
  • Cope with grief or loss
  • Overcome emotional trauma related to abuse or violence
  • Cope with a medical illness
  • Manage chronic physical symptoms

Mental health disorders that may improve with CBT include:

  • Depression
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Phobias
  • PTSD
  • Sleep disorders
  • Eating disorders
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • Substance use disorders
  • Bipolar disorders
  • Schizophrenia
  • Sexual disorders

In some cases, CBT is most effective when it’s combined with other treatments, such as antidepressants or other medications.

For more information, visit Beck Institute.